Details of the Senate immigration bill - New York News

Details of the Senate immigration bill

Posted: Updated:
  • ImmigrationMore>>

  • Immigrants found in back of locked rental truck

    Immigrants found in back of locked rental truck

    Federal officials say nine immigrants who entered the United States illegally were found locked inside the cargo area of a rental truck at a Border Patrol checkpoint in southern Arizona.
    Federal officials say nine immigrants who entered the United States illegally were found locked inside the cargo area of a rental truck at a Border Patrol checkpoint in southern Arizona.
  • Some Arivaca residents upset over Border Patrol checkpoint

    Some Arivaca residents upset over Border Patrol checkpoint

    A battle is brewing in one Arizona Border Town over what some residents say is taking over their way of life. They're not talking about migrants crossing the border; their fight is with Border Patrol.
    A battle is brewing in one Arizona Border Town over what some residents say is taking over their way of life. They're not talking about migrants crossing the border; their fight is with Border Patrol.
  • DACA two years later seen as opportunity for some, backdoor amnesty for others

    DACA two years later seen as opportunity for some, backdoor amnesty for others

    It's been two years since President Obama started the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program. It allows undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as kids to work and pursue their education without fear of deportation.It's a day of celebration for some, and also evidence of a continuing deadlock when it comes to immigration in America
    It's been two years since President Obama started the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program. It allows undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as kids to work and pursue their education without fear of deportation.It's a day of celebration for some, and also evidence of a continuing deadlock when it comes to immigration in America

 BORDER SECURITY

-The bill makes it a goal that there be 100 percent surveillance of the border with Mexico and that 90 percent of would-be crossers are caught or turned back.

-Within six months of enactment of the bill, the Homeland Security Department must develop a border security plan to achieve those goals, including the use of drones, additional agents and other approaches; and develop a plan to identify where more fencing is needed.

-If the goals of a 90 percent effectiveness rate and continuous surveillance on the border are not met within five years, a Southern Border Security Commission would be established with border-state governors and others to determine how to achieve them.

-Before anyone in the U.S. illegally can get a new provisional legal status, the border security and border fencing plans must be in place. Before they can get permanent resident green cards, the plans must be substantially completed, and a new entry-exit system must also be implemented at U.S. seaports and airports to track people coming and going. A mandatory system for employers to check workers' legal status must also be in place.

-About 3,500 new Customs agents would be hired.

-The National Guard would be deployed to the border to build fencing and checkpoints and perform other tasks.

-Funding would be provided to increase border-crossing prosecutions and to create more border patrol stations and forward operating bases.

---

PATH TO CITIZENSHIP

-The estimated 11 million people living in the U.S. illegally could obtain "registered provisional immigrant status" six months after enactment of the bill as long as:

(1) The Homeland Security Department has developed border security and fencing plans.

(2) They arrived in the U.S. prior to Dec. 31, 2011, and maintained continuous physical presence since then.

(3) They do not have a felony conviction or three or more misdemeanors.

(4) They pay a $500 fine.

-People in provisional legal status could work and travel in the U.S. but would not be eligible for most federal benefits, including health care and welfare.

-The provisional legal status lasts six years and is renewable for another $500.

-People deported for noncriminal reasons can apply to re-enter in provisional status if they have a spouse or child who is a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, or if they had been brought to the U.S. as a child.

-After 10 years in provisional status, immigrants can seek a green card and lawful permanent resident status if they are current on their taxes and pay a $1,000 fine, have maintained continuous physical presence in the U.S., meet work requirements and learn English. Also the border triggers must have been met, and all people waiting to immigrate through the legal system as of the date of enactment of the legislation must have been dealt with.

-People brought to the country as youths would be able to get green cards in five years, and citizenship immediately thereafter.

---

HIGH-SKILLED WORKERS

-The cap on the H-1B visa program for high-skilled workers would be immediately raised from 65,000 a year to 110,000 a year, with 25,000 more set aside for people with advanced degrees in science, technology, engineering or math from a U.S. school. The cap could go as high as 180,000 a year depending on demand.

-New protections would crack down on companies that use H-1B visas to train workers in the U.S. only to ship them back overseas.

-Immigrants with certain extraordinary abilities, such as professors and researchers, multinational executives and athletes, would be exempted from green-card limits. So would graduates of U.S. universities with job offers and degrees in science, technology, engineering or math.

-A startup visa would be made available to foreign entrepreneurs seeking to come to the U.S. to start a company.

-A new merit visa, for a maximum of 250,000 people a year, would award points to prospective immigrants based on their education, employment, length of residence in the U.S. and other considerations. Those with the most points would earn the visas.

-The bill would eliminate the government's Diversity Visa Lottery Program, which randomly awards 55,000 visas to immigrants from countries with historically low rates of immigration to the United States, so that more visas can be awarded for employment and merit ties.

---

LOW-SKILLED WORKERS

-A new W visa would allow up to 200,000 low-skilled workers a year into the country for jobs in construction, long-term care, hospitality and other industries.

-A new agriculture worker visa program would be established to replace the existing program. Agriculture workers already here illegally, who've worked in the industry at least two years, could qualify in another five years for green cards if they stay in the industry.

---

FAMILY IMMIGRATION

-Under current law, U.S. citizens can sponsor spouses, children and siblings to come to the U.S., with limits on some categories. The bill would bar citizens from sponsoring their siblings and would allow them to sponsor married sons and daughters only if those children are under age 31.

-Legal permanent residents can currently sponsor spouses and children, but the numbers are limited. The bill eliminates that limit.

---

EMPLOYMENT VERIFICATION

-Within four years, all employers must implement E-Verify, a program to electronically verify their workers' legal status. As part of that, noncitizens would be required to show photo ID that must match with a photo in the E-Verify system.

© 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Didn't find what
you were looking for?

  • Local NewsLocal NewsMore>>

  • Palestinian banner unfurled on Manhattan Bridge

    Palestinian banner unfurled on Manhattan Bridge

    Thursday, August 21 2014 7:14 AM EDT2014-08-21 11:14:27 GMT
    Pro-Palestinian activists marching along the Brooklyn Bridge got an eyeful when a giant flag banner in Palestinian colors was unfurled on the nearby Manhattan Bridge. The flag had the words "Boycott, Divest, Sanction" and was lowered from a part of the bridge near the Manhattan side Wednesday evening. Activists on the Brooklyn Bridge met its appearance with cheers.
    Pro-Palestinian activists marching along the Brooklyn Bridge got an eyeful when a giant flag banner in Palestinian colors was unfurled on the nearby Manhattan Bridge. The flag had the words "Boycott, Divest, Sanction" and was lowered from a part of the bridge near the Manhattan side Wednesday evening. Activists on the Brooklyn Bridge met its appearance with cheers.
  • Man punched in face in knockout assault

    Man punched in face in knockout assault

    Thursday, August 21 2014 6:55 AM EDT2014-08-21 10:55:16 GMT
    The so-called 'knockout game' where a person punches another unsuspecting person has made its way to Hackensack, New Jersey. Police say one assailant attacked three people all in the same day. Surveillance video shows the athletically built suspect punch a man in the face and stroll away. The man fell to the ground. Two other assaults took place within less than 15 minutes in the areas of Essex Street, Summit Avenue and Beech Street on Monday night.
    The so-called 'knockout game' where a person punches another unsuspecting person has made its way to Hackensack, New Jersey. Police say one assailant attacked three people all in the same day. Surveillance video shows the athletically built suspect punch a man in the face and stroll away. The man fell to the ground. Two other assaults took place within less than 15 minutes in the areas of Essex Street, Summit Avenue and Beech Street on Monday night.
  • Atlantic City police get body cameras

    Atlantic City police get body cameras

    Thursday, August 21 2014 6:36 AM EDT2014-08-21 10:36:31 GMT
    Atlantic City police officers have started wearing body cameras. About five officers a shift will be equipped with the devices, which record video and audio after an officer activates the device. The video is uploaded after the officer's shift ends.
    Atlantic City police officers have started wearing body cameras. About five officers a shift will be equipped with the devices, which record video and audio after an officer activates the device. The video is uploaded after the officer's shift ends.

Powered by WorldNow
Didn't find what you were looking for?
All content © Copyright 2000 - 2014 Fox Television Stations, Inc. and Worldnow. All Rights Reserved.
Privacy Policy | New Terms of Service What's new | Ad Choices