A Russian agent is among 11 members of a Russian military procurement network accused of exporting $50 million worth of high-tech military systems out of the U.S. to the Russian military and intelligence agencies.
An indictment was unsealed in New York Wednesday.
Most of the equipment flowed through JFK International Airport in New York City.
Prosecutors claim the equipment could be used in a wide range of military items, including radar and surveillance systems, weapons guidance systems, and detonation triggers.
A Texas-based export company was also involved in the scheme, according to federal prosecutors.
Alexander Fishenko is charged with operating as an unregistered agent of the Russian government inside the U.S. as part of the indictment.
Search warrants were executed Wednesday, and seizure warrants were executed on five bank accounts held by Fishenko and defendant Arc Electronics, the Texas-based export company.
The indictment claims that between October 2008 and now, Fishenko and the others obtained advanced, technologically cutting-edge microelectronics from manufacturers and suppliers to send to Russia.
The equipment included analog-to-digital converters, static random access memory chips, microcontrollers, and microprocessors.
"The receipt of U.S.-made, cutting-edge microelectronics has advanced Russia's military technological capabilities," said Special Agent in Charge Timothy W. Reeves, NCIS Central Field Office. "NCIS and the Department of the Navy have worked closely with the FBI, the Department of Justice, and the Department of Commerce in this investigation due to the potential for significant enhancement of Russian naval weapons systems that would result from the illegal acquisition of these export-controlled technologies,"
According to the indictment, Fishenko was born in what was, at the time, the Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan, and graduated from the Leningrad Electro-Technical Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia.
He immigrated to the United States in 1994, and became a naturalized citizen in 2003. In 1998, he founded defendant Arc Electronics, Inc. in Houston. Prosecutors say he is also a part owner and executive of Apex System, a Moscow, Russia-based procurement firm.
The Feds say another defendant, Alexander Posobilov, came to the U.S. from Russia in 2001, and became a naturalized citizen in
He joined Arc in 2004, and serves as its director of procurement. Posobilov was arrested at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston on his way to Singapore and Moscow.
The indictment claimed that Arc covered up the scheme by claiming to produce other products, like traffic lights.
Several salesmen and a shipping manager of Arc were named in the indictment.
Arc Electronics, Inc. of Houston, Texas
Apex System, L.L.C. of Moscow, Russia
Alexander Fishenko, 46
Shavkat Abdullaev, 34
Lyudmila Bagdikian, 58
Anastasia Diatlova, 38
Viktoria Klebanova, 37
Sergey Klinov:, 44
Alexander Posobilov, 58
Yuri Savin, 36
Dmitriy Shegurov, Age unknown
Sevinj Taghiyeva, 32
Svetalina Zagon, 31